The woodcut has a long tradition, especially in Chinese and Japanese cultures. Wood pressure printing can provide a wide range of effects from the Oriental artists' minority, poetic, multicolored, detailed prints on the bold, expressive, graphic, black and white prints of German expressionist artists in the early twentieth century.
Making a woodcut is simple, does not require expensive materials and can even be done without a printing press.
Materials required to create a woodcut are as follows:
o Block inks – either water-based or oil-based
o Wooden blocks – soft wood such as pine or linoleum
o Ink roller – rubber
o Wood cutting tool – V-shaped, U-shaped and straight edged
o Printing paper – acid-free writing paper – either standard white or hand-made paper of any type
o Wooden spoon or printing press – Large wooden spoon with flat flat surface or etching press
o White pencil – accounts or pastel pen
STEP 1. Prepare the block
When you have your wooden block and your cutting tools, you are ready to start with the creative process. An important factor to consider when you start is that the print will be a mirror image of the image you dig into your block. You should first outline your idea on paper and then cover your block with a thin layer of black ink with your ink roller and some black ink. Let the ink dry and then drag the image onto the plate with a white pen or a white ink pen. The coating of black ink in the neighborhood makes your image more visible while you are carving the image in the block.
STEP 2. Carving Image
Cut the image into the wood using cutting tools. If you want an expressive image, cut and chop the wood aggressively with a wide cutting tool and don't worry about the details and vice versa if you want a more realistic detailed image with a smaller V-format tool, slowly and carefully cut your image into the block .
STEP 3. Prove the picture
At some point during the carving process, you can make a proof of your image so that you can evaluate how your prints will look and so that you can adjust the process if needed. You should be aware that testing makes the brighter carved areas of your block darker when you clean your block after testing. It may be something you do not want because it will change how you visualize your image on the block.
STEP 4. Inking the Block
Okay, you've cut your picture and it looks great! You are now ready to print your masterpiece. Squeeze some ink on a smooth, flat, non-absorbent surface like glass and roll out a very thin layer of ink. Do not use back and forth with the roller; roll the ink one says, lift up the roll and roll it the same way repeatedly until you have a thin layer of paint on your roll. Several layers of thin ink are what you run for on your block. Too much ink in the block will flow into the cut out areas and your image will not print properly, and vice versa, too little ink in your block will make a splotchy print and the edges of your image will not be sharp and sharp. You have to experiment through trials and errors to find the right color technology.
STEP 5. Print the block
If you have access to a printing press, this is the best and easiest way to print your block. Ink your plate, place it on the press, cover the block with your paper print on the paper with the press pad, adjust the roll pressure and slowly roll the block through the press. Carefully lift the paper out of the block and there you have it, your wooden block masterpiece. Set it aside in a safe place to dry. Limit your edition to about 50 pints because the image quality deteriorates after about as many prints. If you do not have access to a printing press, you can use a wooden spoon or similar tool to make your print. Ink your block, place your paper on top of your block and use a flat wooden surface, rub the paper against the block in a smooth circular motion until you feel the ink has been transferred to the paper. If in doubt, scale off the paper in a corner and assess your technique and make adjustments in print if needed. Of course, the efficiency of this technology is more suited to smaller block pressures.